An electric vehicle (EV) or a battery electric vehicle (BEV) is a vehicle that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. The electricity stored in rechargeable batteries powers an electric motor that turns the wheels. While the charging time and range may vary (according to model), the EV’s average charging time is around 30 minutes to 12 hours, and on a single charge, the EV provides an average range of 310 kilometers.
Although the first electric vehicle was developed around 1832 A.D., people were sceptical about its concept and flaws, such as its range, temperature-sensitive batteries, and high charging time, so it was unable to be commercialized. Even though the pursuit of electric mobility wasn’t halted, so finally in the 2000s, the revised EV, free of the above-mentioned flaws, was built, and it became popular in no time.
The affordability of EVs has prompted fans to switch from ICE models to EVs. The initial cost of the EV is higher than the ICE-powered vehicle, comparatively, but in the long run, with regards to its maintenance cost, the EV is more economical. Moreover, the electricity used in EVs is far cheaper than any crude oil; the EV is estimated to cost around Rs 50 per km.
EVs are more efficient and smooth vehicles. Unlike ICE models, there is no loss of energy (in the form of friction) in EVs–so EVs are 50% more efficient. The electric powertrain offers uniform acceleration and deceleration, which makes it more comfortable during a commute. Furthermore, the lower center of gravity provides better handling and responses.
EVs get major environmental benefits over ICE models. Around 30% of CO2 gas is emitted by ICE models; EV models don’t emit CO2. As a result, the use of EVs can help to improve environmental conditions.
More people are switching to electric vehicles these days, and more countries are encouraging their use. Furthermore, different automobile companies and countries have agreed to go all electric by 2040.